Author(s): Keith E Beery Natasha A Beery Norman A Buktenica
Age Range: 2 years to 100 years
Administration: Individual and Group - Short and Full Format tests: 10–15 minutes each; Visual and Motor tests: 5 minutes each
Qualification Level: C (Occupational Therapist)
Internationally respected and backed by decades of research and clinical use, the Beery VMI, now in its sixth edition, offers a convenient and economical way to screen for visual-motor deficits that can lead to learning, neuropsychological and behaviour problems.
The sixth edition of the Beery VMI remains strongly focused upon early childhood education. It includes updated norms for ages 2 years to 18 years.
Adult norms are also included for age 19 years and above, but were not updated in this most recent edition. This edition also provides updated reports of medical, neuropsychological, international and other important advances in the use of the Beery VMI in recent years.
In this edition we have also combined the child and adult forms making it more convenient if you work with clients of different ages. You may continue to use your existing forms since the test content has not changed, but you should order a new Beery VMI, 6th Edition manual so that you have the most up-to-date information.
The Beery VMI helps assess the extent to which individuals can integrate their visual and motor abilities. The Short Format and Full Format tests present drawings of geometric forms arranged in order of increasing difficulty that the individual is asked to copy. The Short Format is often used with children ages 2 to 8 years.
The Beery VMI series also provides supplemental Visual Perception and Motor Co-ordination tests, which use the same stimulus forms as the Short Format and Full Format tests.
These optional assessments are designed to be administered after results from the Short Format or Full Format test show the need for further testing, to help compare an individual's test results with relatively pure visual and motor performances. (One or both of the supplemental tests may be used.) A statistical comparison of results from all three tests can be quickly and easily made on the graphic profile provided in the test booklets.
How to Use This Test
The Beery VMI can be used by psychologists, occupational therapists, learning disability specialists, specialist teachers and other professionals to help:
- Identify individuals who may be encountering difficulties in visual-motor integration
- Make appropriate referrals for needed services
- Test the effectiveness of educational and other interventions
- Conduct research
- The Beery VMI is among the few psychological assessments that provide standard scores as low as 2 years.
- The Beery VMI 6th Edition Manual provides approximately 600 age-specific norms from birth to 6 years. These consist of basic gross motor, fine motor, visual and visual-fine motor developmental "stepping stones" that have been identified by research criteria. Many examiners find the age norm information to be useful in helping parents better understand their child's current level of development. The manual also presents teaching suggestions.
- As a culture-free, non-verbal assessment, the Beery VMI is useful with individuals of diverse environmental, educational, and linguistic backgrounds.
- The Short and Full Format tests can be administered individually or to groups. (Individual administration is recommended for the supplemental tests.)
- The Beery VMI was standardised on a national sample of 1,737 individuals age 2 to 18 years (2010) and 1,021 adults ages 19-100 (2006), and has proven reliability and validity. Updates of medical neuropsychological, international and other studies are also reported in this section.
- Adult Norms: The population is aging, and thus has created the need for better identification of possible neurological problems.
- Studies have indicated that visuoconstructional deficits are an early indicator of dementia, such as Alzheimer's desease. Considered by clinicians and researchers as more robust and better statistically, the Beery VMI test contains supplemental tests of visual perception and motor coordination that provide much needed information to help form a confident diagnosis.
- Unlike other tests of visual motor integration that can be too intimidating, inconsistent or insensitive to many adults, the Beery VMI has been found to be both comfortable and effective for this population.
The test administrator scores the assessments using the Beery™ VMI 6th Edition Manual. Results are reported as a standard score, percentile or other equivalents.