TIPS- Test of Information Processing Skills

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by Raymond E Webster
Purpose: Visual & Auditory Memory/Sequencing
Age:  5 through to 90+ yrs
Time: 25 minutes
Admin: Individual

Qualification Level: 

The TIPS provides clinicians with quick and reliable measures of how well a person processes information (letter strings) presented visually and auditorally.

Although TIPS had its genesis in the Learning Efficiency Test (R. Webster, 1981, 1992, and 1998), it features new items, new subtests (Delayed Recall and Word Fluency), new scoring procedures, and new national norms (N=3,314).


TIPS Performance Relates to:

  • executive function
  • working memory
  • auditory processing, visual processing
  • learning / retaining /organising / using new information

TIPS Assesses:

  • how a person (age 5 through 90+) processes information that is either seen or heard
  • how much information is retained (short term, working memory and delayed recall)
  • how it is retained (in the sequence presented or in a scrambled order)
  • the effects of interference on recall
  • semantic fluency


Short-term and working memory responses show differences between sequenced and non-sequenced retention (a hallmark of those with learning difficulties).

Error analyses (Proactive Inhibition and Auditory Intrusion) document the extent to which new information is lost or its retention is inhibited.

Administration and Scoring

The TIPS can be administered in about 20-25 minutes. Processing is assessed in two modalities (Visual and Auditory) and three recall conditions using strings of two to nine non-rhyming letters. Sequential and non-sequential scores are obtained; standard scores and percentile ranks are provided.

TIPS Subtests

Visual and Auditory Modality

  • Letter Strings are presented and the letters are recalled immediately, then recalled after an interference task (counting), then recalled again after a longer interference task (repeating a sentence)
  • scores differentiate letters recalled in the exact sequence as presented as well as for letters recalled out of sequence;
  • Error analysis provide measures of Acoustic Intrusion and Proactive Interference effects.

Delayed Recall Subtest

  • animal or fruits from the interference sentences are recalled; 

Semantic Fluency Subtest

  • word lists are generated orally within one-minute spans,
  • word lists are written within one-minute spans.
(image for) TIPS- Test of Information Processing Skills Kit

TIPS- Test of Information Processing Skills Kit

Kit includes: Manual, Stimulus Card Booklet, 25 Protocols Qualification Level:  B 
(image for) TIPS-Test of Information Processing Skills - Manual

TIPS-Test of Information Processing Skills - Manual

1 x Manual Qualification Level:  B 
(image for) TIPS -Test of Information Processing Skills - Record Booklets

TIPS -Test of Information Processing Skills - Record Booklets

1 x TIPS Record Booklets (25) Qualification Level:  B 
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