TOGRA - Test of General Reasoning Ability

by Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD

Purpose: Screen for reasoning and problem solving skills.
Age: 10 to 75 years
Admin: Individual or group
Time: 16 minutes

The TOGRA is a speeded measure of reasoning ability and problem-solving skills that is designed for individual or group administration.

  • Offers a wider variety of item content and greater test score stability than competing measures.
  • Yields a General Reasoning Index (GRI), a highly reliable score that reflects overall measurement of the general factor of reasoning and problem-solving skill.
  • Consists of items that assess verbal, nonverbal, and quantitative reasoning and problem-solving skills through tasks that are inductive as well as deductive in nature.
  • Requires only 16 minutes for administration and 2-3 minutes for scoring
  • Appropriate in many settings whenever a speeded measure of reasoning ability and problem solving under pressure is considered useful, including in the evaluation of students for giftedness, athletes, managerial and executive-level staff, or public safety officer candidates.
  • Two equivalent alternate forms (Blue and Green) enable you to retest and monitor progress while reducing practice effects
  • Can be administered to groups or individuals and using a computer or traditional paper and pencil. This flexibility makes the TOGRA a viable option for use in human resource and related
  • As a result of extensive expert review and statistical analysis, the TOGRA’s racial, gender, and religious bias is minimal–ideal for any measure used for selection purposes.
  • Standardised on a 2010-Census-matched sample of 3,013 individuals.
  • The GRI is scaled to a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. Other forms of derived scores, including z scores, normal curve equivalents, stanines, percentiles, and, for the younger ages, age equivalents, are provided.
  • An investigation of TOGRA scores’ relationship to examinees' occupational data revealed expected patterns, with median GRI scores increasing as examinees’ industries moved from physically-oriented occupations to business- and science-oriented occupations. Occupational data were derived using Occupational Information Network (O*NET) information.



Kit includes Manual, Blue Reusable Item Booklets, Green Reusable Item Booklets, Answers Sheets, Summary Forms and Scoring Keys. 


TOGRA Manual
TOGRA Green Reusable Item Booklets

TOGRA Green Reusable Item Booklets

Pack of 10 Green reusable item booklets.
TOGRA Blue Reusable Item Booklets

TOGRA Blue Reusable Item Booklets

Pack of 10 Blue reusable item booklets
TOGRA Answers Sheets

TOGRA Answers Sheets

Pack of 25 Answer Sheets
TOGRA Summary Forms

TOGRA Summary Forms

Pack of 25 Summary Form
TOGRA Scoring Keys

TOGRA Scoring Keys

2 Scoring Keys