By: Adult Version-Charles Golden,ph d. and Shawna M. Freshwater
Childrens Version- Charle Golden, Ph D, Shawna Freshwater and Zarabeth Golden
Purpose: Provides a diagnosis of brain dysfunction
Age: Childrens Version - 5-14yrs Adult Version-15yrs+
Admin: Individual Administration
Time: 5 minutes
Qualification Level: A (Psychologist)
The Stroop Colour and Word Test provides a diagnosis of brain dysfunction, and the evaluation of stress, personality cognition and psychopathology. The Stroop phenomenon has been found to be useful in the identification of a number of significant disorders, and has been recommended as a valuable test for ADD/ADHD, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, and to ascertain the degree of independence likely to be achieved by individuals with frontal lobe disorders.
Widely used for many years, the Stroop tests basic processes, is stable over long periods of time, and is easy to administer and score.
The cognitive dimension tapped by Stroop is associated with cognitive flexibility, resistance to interference from outside stimuli, creativity and psychopathology-all of which influence the individual's ability to cope with cognitive stress, and process complex output.
Since it requires only five minutes to administer, the Stroop Colour and Word Test is an exceptionally useful screening instrument, which may be used alone, or as part of a larger screening battery.
Each Stroop Test Booklet consists of three basic parts: Word Page-the names of colour printed in black ink; Colour Page-semantically meaningless symbols (X) printed in coloured ink, and Colour-Word Page-comprised of the words from the first page, printed in the colours from the second page, with the restriction that the word and colour do not match.
The task is to look at each sheet, and move down the columns, reading words or naming the ink colours, as quickly as possible, within a given time limit. The test yields three scores, and Interference, based on the number of items completed.
The Technical Supplement updates research from test publication to 1997, revised in 2002.
Two Versions Available
Developed in response to the demand for a Stroop Test specifically normed, and interpreted for children, these new materials detail administration, scoring and interpretive strategies for these younger clients.
Interpretation of a child's score is more difficult than an adult's, as it is affected by developmental trends, possible learning disabilities, attention problems, emotional problems and overall maturity. This Children's Version of the Stroop has been designed to avoid measurement issues that exist in attempting to apply the scoring approach of the adult Stroop to children's data. Interpretive strategies also differ between younger (ages 5-10) and older children (ages 11-14), and are presented separately in the Children's Manual.
Scoring, interpretation strategies and literature have been updated for both versions of the Stroop. Both manuals include new norms for their respective populations. The Children's Version uses T-scores, derived from means and standard deviation, by age. The Adult T-scores are tabled, based on multiple regression equations, utilizing education and age. Computerized Scoring Software, available separately, automatically produces a chart, showing scores for each subtest, and an Interference score for the entire test. Runs under Microsoft Excel.